What protocol of “lie in state”? – India Newspapers

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In the newsThe coffin of Britain’s oldest monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, lies in state in Westminster Hall after her final journey from Buckingham Palace in London.

About the ‘lying-in-state’ protocol-

    • Lying in state is a term used to describe a formal and solemn occasion in which the casket of a deceased person is laid out in a main government building. for the public to pay homage to him before the last rites. The body, depending on local customs, may be placed inside or outside the coffin.
    • According to the British Parliament, lying in state in the United Kingdom is given to the “Sovereign, as Head of State, the current or past queen consort and sometimes former Prime Ministers”.
    • After her death in 2002, the Queen Mother remained in state for three days. The tradition of state lying in the UK dates back to the Stuart dynasty that ruled England and Scotland in the 17th century.
    • In the United States, lying in state is granted to the president or, occasionally, another high official or military leader. The casket bearing the body of the deceased is placed inside the United States Capitol or a state capitol.
    • About the status in the United States Capitol, the decision is made by a concurrent resolution of the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate. US states have their own customs and rules for making this decision.
    • In the United States, the practice of state lying began in 1852 when Henry Clay, a U.S. Senator from Kentucky, was the first person to lie in state on the U.S. Capitol.
  • Abraham Lincoln was the first President of the United States to stand in the United States Capitol.
  • A deceased pope usually rests in state inside the chapel of the Apostolic Palace.

What is rest/rest?

  • United Kingdom, when the high official’s coffin is laid out in a place that is not the main government building intended for lying in state, it is called lying at rest or lying at rest. It is so called because the setting is considered less formal.
  • In Canada, for example, when a deceased dignitary – Governors General or Prime Ministers – rests anywhere outside the Center Block of Parliament Hill, they are called rest.
  • In the United States, another term – lie in honor – is used instead of lying in state if the person receiving this honor is not an elected official, but is considered to have made significant contributions to America.
  • In Westminster Hall, the Queen’s closed coffin will rest on a raised and ornate platform called a catafalque. It will be draped with the Royal Standard – a flag that “represents the Sovereign and the United Kingdom” and will fly over royal palaces, the monarch’s car or plane.
  • During the rest period, the catafalque will be flanked by a 24-hour military guard.
  • The guard consists of Sovereign’s bodyguard, foot guards or mounted regiment of household cavalry.

State Lie Protocol in India-

  • India grants ‘state funerals’ to deceased dignitaries like the incumbent president, prime minister, a former prime minister, president or governor among others, the Center having the power to announce it for any person it deems fit for the honor.
  • Lying in state is observed during the period preceding the state funeral, which also has protocols that involve observing “days of mourning” with the flag at half mast and no official entertainment.
  • The Home Office guidelines state that a state funeral will be given to any dignitary by order of the Indian government.
  • As per guidelines, before funeral arrangements are made and after customary/religious rituals have been performed, the body will be laid down in state to allow final respects to be paid to the deceased.
  • In the event of the president’s death, a vigil senior officers of all three services up to the rank of brigadier and equivalent will be on watch while the corps is in state.
  • The general commissioning instructions state that the the body should be placed in an open area or large veranda on a raised mound or platform; the path for mourners should be wide enough to allow 4-5 people to walk abreast.
  • In addition, the pretrial period may be as long as religious and other considerations permit.
  • After Mahatma Gandhi’s death, his body lay in state at Birla House, while Indira Gandhi’s body was kept at Teen Murti and Atal Bihari Vajpaye was in state at the BJP headquarters.
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Source: The Indian Express
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